Manufactured fibers have a wide variety of uses, many of which are not always immediately obvious. In addition to such traditional uses as apparel and home furnishings, manufactured fibers are also important for geotextiles, industrial belts and filters, tire cord, building construction, medical implants, and aviation. They also form the basis for the today’s high-tech composite materials that offer light weight, high-performance alternatives to metals.

Fiber Names

The following generic names are recognized by the U.S. Federal Trade Commission for fibers manufactured in the U.S. Click on the individual names for definitions and additional information.

Microfiber, providing a feel or touch finer than cotton or silk, has been one of the most important developments in recent years.

Bicomponent fiber is comprised of two polymers of different chemical and / or physical construction extruded from the same spinneret with both polymers within the same filament.

High Performance Fibers
Specialty fibers are engineered for specific uses that require exceptional strength, heat resistance and / or chemical resistance. They are generally niche products, but some are produced in large quantities.

A Quick Guide to Manufactured Fibers
Listings of trade names and trademarks by generic fiber category can be found in the Quick Guide to Manufactured Fibers.

Trade Names and Trademarks
In addition to the generic names which designate the fiber’s chemical category, many fibers are marketed under brandnames, or tradenames. Listings by generic fiber category can be found in the Quick Guide to Manufactured Fibers. A more comprehensive list of worldwide trademarks is given in the World Directory of Manufactured Fiber Producers, available from the Fiber Economics Bureau.